When you say damage control for roof rats, it’s basically the same as the approach on Norway rats. However, there may be a few differences that we can take into account.
Exclusion or rodent proofing would require the assessment of the roof area. You have to make sure that the roof lines have no seams that would potentially become rat passages. Through these seams and or holes, rats could gain access to getting in and out of your house. In order to cancel out these access routes, you have to ensure that you plug all the holes and seal all seam openings with sealants. Make sure that when you do apply sealants on the cracks, seams, and or holes, you extend the cover an extra measure to entirely cover the openings. Rodent proofing would definitely take a considerable amount of time, to think that you would have to initially find all the possible openings first all over the house, to make sure that you will eventually close all of them down. Another challenge would be to cancel out the other routes that adept climbing rats would use. They may not need holes to pass through and get in your house as they could just climb their way in to you. You may be able to eliminate that possibility though by applying greasing solutions on water-pipes and vents, to make it difficult for climbing rats to climb on them. You also have to take care of the vines that are already creeping into your walls, as well as overshadowing tree branches on the roof as they may as well become access routes for outsider rats.
Purchase rat guards as well and have them installed to the wiring found in your house right away. Rats could fray the insulation which in return would result to short circuits to the electrical wiring. Rat guards may not totally keep the rats from chewing their way into the wires, but it could definitely deter them at some point. Just make sure that you regularly check the guards from time to time to see if it needs replacing.
Perhaps the most effective yet indirect way of dealing with pest rats is to cut off their supply or resources. Resources like water and food should be limited in order to reduce the possibility of rodent infestation. However, that could only be done through proper maintenance and sanitation every time. You can start off with this approach by ensuring that pet food are placed in extremely sealed, airtight containers so that rats won't be able to smell their way to your pet's food. The rest would all be too easy for them eventually when they get their incisors on the container. Also, don't leave out pet food stagnate for the night. Rats will definitely feed on them while your pet is deep asleep.
If ever you have fruit crops and vegetation in your backyard, make sure that you implement rodenticide on them to keep the rats away from feeding on them. Make sure to pick up all fruit drops on the ground to discourage rats from fostering interests in entering your home. When you harvest, make sure that you swipe all those that needed to be harvested.
We do know that rats have very keen sense of hearing and that they could detect the slightest volume of sound. Rat could be intimidated at first with the use of high frequency sound producing devices but they will eventually grow accustomed and immune to those approaches. Such devices are quite popular but popular researches indicate that they are less efficient in the overall approach to rat control.
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